Several factors can cause dehydration, but at any time a person may experience excessive loss of body fluids due to an illness, being very difficult to stay hydrated. The most common disorders that usually cause fluid and electrolyte losses are diarrhea and vomiting, because they come suddenly and severely. In cases of mild and moderate dehydration the first-line treatment indicated by the WHO and ESPGHAN are low osmolarity Oral Rehydration Solutions (ORS), because they enable home treatment of the uncomplicated cases of dehydration in a practical, simple and effective way.
Diarrhea means soft and watery stools more than three times a day, and may be accompanied by cramps, nausea, and swelling. Diarrhea is not a disease, but a symptom of a disorder that can be caused by bacteria, viruses or parasites, food intolerances, certain medications and disorders that affect the stomach, small intestine or colon. During diarrhea, there is a greater loss of water and electrolytes. Dehydration is a condition in which a person loss more fluids than the necessary to maintain a correct functioning of the organism. It is a complication that is usually caused by episodes of acute diarrhea and / or vomiting.
The symptoms vary in intensity and nature depending on the degree of dehydration that a person is exposed to. The most frequent symptoms are: thirst, dry mouth, headache, darker urine. In case of moderate or severe dehydration the symptoms are: delirium, shock, sinking of the eyes, dizziness, tachycardia and anuria.
The treatment of dehydration is performed by the use of oral rehydration salts with ORT. It is the most effective method to prevent, maintain and restore an adequate osmotic balance in the body.
Yes, the ingestion of ORS at the first signs of gastrointestinal disease effectively prevents dehydration.